fait accompli . Who looked that one up? There are great and complicated machinations at work in this chapter that I do not expect you to commit to detailed memory. Even Pipes admits the complexity is too great for his short treatment here.
The long and short of it is that gaining power was as easy for Lenin as “picking up a feather”. As the woman in the documents you will read (or have read) in class testifies to the “white” soldiers walked out and dropped their munitions. There was no resistance.
There were three keys to this event which you should know in at least their basic form. Failure of a major offensive in WWI, failure of the Provisional Government (PG) to hold an election, and the Kornilov affair, which you should know in the basic terms that Pipes lays down here.
Pipes makes a curious statement here that one, despite Lenin’s fears, cannot “betray” a revolution. I think what he means here is that whereas there maybe be treasonous persons like a Benedict Arnold, a true revolution from below will have such power as to make their betrayal if not meaningless, than a mere bump in the road.
* a note on the image here. I pulled it from another blog which noted it as the storming of the winter palace in the fall of 1917. I noodled around a bit and found out there it is actually a still from Eisenstein’s 1926 film “October” and that the film sequence was actually modeled after the 1920 reenactment in which Lenin actually took place, not on the event of 1917 which was “far less photogenic” according to Wikipedia. Another piece of evidence of why revolution was judged by many to be a great success!